Auditory Processing Disorder
Auditory Processing Disorder (adapted from the Learning Disabilities Association of America; http://ldaamerica.org/). Note that not all professional groups recognize this as a disorder separate from other forms of LD such as dyslexia or other language-related problem. See https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/auditory-processing-disorder/understanding-auditory-processing-disorder
Signs and Symptoms
- Has difficulty processing and remembering language-related tasks but may have no trouble interpreting or recalling non-verbal environmental sounds, music, etc.
- May process thoughts and ideas slowly and have difficulty explaining them
- Misspells and mispronounces similar-sounding words or omits syllables; confuses similar-sounding words (celery/salary; belt/built; three/free; jab/job; bash/batch)
- May be confused by figurative language (metaphor, similes) or misunderstand puns and jokes; interprets words too literally
- Often is distracted by background sounds/noises
- Finds it difficult to stay focused on or remember a verbal presentation or lecture
- May misinterpret or have difficulty remembering oral directions; difficulty following directions in a series
- Has difficulty comprehending complex sentence structure or rapid speech
- “Ignores” people, especially if engrossed
- Says “What?” a lot, even when has heard much of what was said
- Show rather than explain
- Supplement with more intact senses (use visual cues, signals, handouts, manipulatives)
- Reduce or space directions, give cues such as “ready?”
- Reword or help decipher confusing oral and/or written directions
- Teach abstract vocabulary, word roots, synonyms/antonyms
- Vary pitch and tone of voice, alter pace, stress key words
- Ask specific questions as you teach to find out if they do understand
- Allow them 5-6 seconds to respond (“think time”)
- Have the student constantly verbalize concepts, vocabulary words, rules, etc.
If your discussion item concerns different specific conditions, you may want to place those remarks under our General Discussion page.
If your comment is better directed to us in the form of a nonpublic email, please see our “Contact Us” page.
Note: All H4MC blogs are public forums for a diverse readership. We hope that these blogs will open-up community discussion and build community support. The blogs are not monitored for content, although staff of the H4MC may occasionally participate. H4MC retains the right to remove comments deemed inappropriate. H4MC does not necessarily support the views expressed. Please respect the authors and readers and avoid posting comments directed at persons or that are culturally insensitive.