Dyslexia or Reading Disability

Dyslexia or Reading Disability (RD)( adapted from the Learning Disabilities Association of America; http://ldaamerica.org/). See http://interdys.org

Signs and Symptoms

  • Reads slowly and painfully
  • Experiences decoding errors, especially with the order of letters
  • Shows wide disparity between listening comprehension and reading comprehension of some text
  • Has trouble with spelling
  • May have difficulty with handwriting and/or expressing self in writing
  • Exhibits difficulty recalling known words
  • May experience difficulty with math computations, and handling worded math problems
  • Decoding real words is better than nonsense words
  • Substitutes one small sight word for another: a, I, he, the, there, was

Strategies

  • Provide a quiet area for activities like reading, answering comprehension questions
  • Use books on tape
  • Use books with large print and big spaces between lines
  • Provide a copy of lecture notes
  • Don’t place emphasis on spelling in history, science or other similar tests
  • Allow alternative forms for book reports
  • Allow the use of a laptop or other computer for in-class essays
  • Use multi-sensory teaching methods (e.g., Lindamood Bell; see http://lindamoodbell.com/)
  • Teach students to use logic rather than rote memory
  • Present material in small units
  • Provide oral exams

General Discussion

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