Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit

Dyslexia or Reading Disability (RD)( adapted from the Learning Disabilities Association of America; http://ldaamerica.org/). See http://interdys.org

Signs and Symptoms

  • May have reversals: b for d, p for q or inversions: u for n, w for m
  • Has difficulty negotiating around school campus, neighborhood, shopping malls, etc.
  • Complains eyes hurt and itch, rubs eyes, complains print blurs while reading
  • Turns head when reading across page or holds paper at odd angles
  • Closes one eye while working, may yawn while reading
  • Cannot copy accurately
  • Loses place frequently
  • Does not recognize an object/word if only part of it is shown
  • Holds pencil too tightly; often breaks pencil point/crayons
  • Struggles to cut or paste
  • Misaligns letters; may have messy papers, which can include letters colliding, irregular spacing, letters not on line

Strategies

  • Avoid focusing on stylistic/neatness aspects of handwriting
  • Allow students to orally dictate creative stories
  • Provide alternative for written assignments
  • Suggest use of pencil grips and specially designed pencils and pens
  • Allow use of computer or word processor
  • Restrict copying tasks
  • Provide tracking tools: ruler, text windows
  • Use large print books
  • Plan to order or check out books on tape

General Discussion

If your discussion item concerns different specific conditions, you may want to place those remarks under our General Discussion page.

If your comment is better directed to us in the form of a nonpublic email, please see our “Contact Us” page.

Note: All H4MC blogs are public forums for a diverse readership. We hope that these blogs will open-up community discussion and build community support. The blogs are not monitored for content, although staff of the H4MC may occasionally participate. H4MC retains the right to remove  comments  deemed inappropriate. H4MC does not necessarily support the views expressed. Please respect the authors and readers and avoid posting comments directed at persons or that are culturally insensitive.